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Diamond Education & The 4 C's
The 4 C's is the first thing you should look at when shopping around for a loose diamond for your special someone or yourself, so paying attention to these 4 C's can help you dramatically in discovering the perfect choice as well as a lifetime investment.
At Daniela Diamonds, the precious gems and diamonds are chosen carefully and perfectly cut in order to emphasize the stunning beauty of the diamond.
The key to a Diamond's beautiful and brilliant glow is it's cut. The Diamond is shaped and cut in order to make the most out of its natural sparkle. Even if the Diamond has a the perfect clarity and color, having a poor cut on it can dramatically decrease it's brilliance. A Diamond's cut can come in many different shapes and sizes: baguette, round, princess, and many more. However, no matter what shape it is cut in, it's proportions need to be perfect.
A Diamonds sparkle and shine will be at its peak when it is cut to perfection, providing the perfect path for light to travel through within the Diamond so that it can exit as a brilliant, colorful, and radiant rainbow. An imperfectly cut Diamond will lose that radiance and appear more dull and dark.
Shallow cut: If the Diamond's cut is shallow, the light shining through it will be lost through its sides, making the Diamond lose its brilliance that makes them so captivating.
Deep cut: When a Diamond has a deep cut, the light will escape through the bottom, giving the Diamond a dark appearance.
Ideal cut: An ideally cut diamond will allow the light to freely travel throughout it, exiting in a rainbow of color and sparkles.
Symmetry & Polish
Much like the cut, the symmetry and polish of a diamond can strongly affect the Diamond's appearance. Having a poor polish will most likely leave a blurry and dull Diamond that won't sparkle as much as it should. The symmetry in the Diamond's cut guides how the light travels through the Diamond, with poor symmetry allowing the light to leak and taking away from the appearance of the Diamond.
Diamonds come in many different colors. There are diamonds that naturally come colorless, which are considered to be the most precious due to their rarity compared to other precious stones. The color of a Diamond is defined by a scale from D to Z.
- D defines a rare Diamond that is absolutely colorless.
- E is also a rare colorless Diamond that expert gemologists are able to detect.
- F is also considered a colorless Diamond, however it shows a slight hint of color that expert gemologist may detect.
- G-H are a near colorless Diamond which can only be detected when compared to Diamonds of higher quality. These Diamonds provide you with the greatest value and is the most used when it comes to Diamond jewelry.
- I-J Diamonds are near colorless, with the color being slightly detectable.
- K-Z rated Diamonds have a noticeable color in them that takes away from the value, as well as the beauty, of the precious stone.
It should be noted that Daniela Diamonds also carries colored Diamonds, however, colored Diamonds have a different scale of grading compared to clear or white Diamonds. The scale shown above only represents the highest to lowest quality when it comes to white Diamonds and should not be applied to colored Diamonds.
Similar to the color grade, clarity also defines a Diamond's natural qualities. A purely clear Diamond is incredibly rare, therefore they are the most expensive ones. The clarity of a Diamond indicates whether it has natural inclusions like traces of minerals, scratches or other characteristics that take away from the value and beauty of a Diamond. Also like the color grading scale, clarity also has its own system:
- FL and IF indicates that the Diamond is flawless and has no external or internal flaws. A flawless Diamond is incredibly rare.
- VVS1 and VVS2 stands for Very Very Slightly Included. It is very hard to discover these inclusions even when placed under 10x magnification. Diamonds of VVS1 or VVS2 rating are of excellent quality.
- VS1 and VS2 stands for Very Slightly Included. An unaided eye won't spot these inclusions, however, they are barely visible under magnification.
- SI1 and SI2 stands for Slightly Included. Inclusions are typically not visible to an unaided eye, but are visible when under magnification. These diamonds provide great value.
- I rated diamonds mean that there are slight inclusions in them that are visible to the naked eye.
Total Carat Weight (ctw.) is what determines your Diamond jewelry's total weight in Diamonds, whether it is only one diamond or several. An example would be if you had 4 diamonds on your ring that each weighed 0.25 carats, the total carat weight of diamonds on your ring would be 1.00 carats.
Take Care of Your Diamonds
As you may already know, Diamonds make for the hardest substance that can be found on earth. They are very resistant from damage caused by scratching or heat, only being able to be polished or cut by another diamond. The only way a diamond can be chipped by an exceptionally heavy blow to the girdle.
It should be noted that exposure to everyday wear from household chemicals, perspiration, hairspray and others can start a buildup that will add a dullness to the surface of your Diamond. We recommend a periodic cleaning so that your Diamond can continue to shine brilliantly.
If you are interested in keeping your Diamond jewelry clean in your own home, a solution of one part ammonia mixed with six parts water can be used. By submerging your Diamond Jewelry into that solution for a short time, you'll be able to get rid of the build up that has gradually formed on the surface of your Diamond from normal wear. Another method could be done by hand with gentle scrubbing with a brush in order to loosen the majority of the dirt to bring back that shine. This method should take extra precaution in not scratching the metal used in the setting of your Diamond.
It is our recommendation that you should have your Diamonds cleaned up and have the settings checked by a jewelry professional. Another tip to consider is keeping your Diamond Jewelry protected in a soft cloth pouch when it is not being worn by you. This will keep your Diamonds from getting any scratches or dulling over time.